In ancient China, peonies were the Emperor's Flower and were only grown for the Emperor and in his gardens. Anyone found growing peonies at their private residents illegally were executed. Now the peony is the people's flower and is found everywhere from bank notes and coins, to advertising everyday products. They hold a special place in Chinese hearts and are revered in Chinese culture.
Science and Innovation Minister Chris Skidmore said: "From Sir Tim Berners-Lee's creation of the World Wide Web, to Rosalind Franklin whose work was critical in understanding DNA, we have a rich history of talented individuals who have paved the way for ground-breaking research and discoveries in their fields.
Professor Davey Smith, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology and Director of the Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit (MRC IEU), hosted by the Bristol Medical School: Population Health Sciences, has been able to bring the relationship between cause and effect in public health into sharper focus than ever before. For example, he has shown that contrary to popular opinion there are adverse effects of alcohol consumption on overall cardiovascular disease risk across the whole spectrum of consumption.
George Davey Smith, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology and Director of the Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit (MRC IEU), hosted by the Bristol Medical School: Population Health Sciences, has led important developments in our understanding of what determines – and how to prevent – ill-health within society. His research has focused on how social inequalities in health are generated by exposures over an entire life course, and the use of genetic data to improve understanding of how environmentally modifiable risk factors influence disease risk in populations.