WALES THIS MONTH HAS LOWERED THE VOTING AGE TO 16 FOR LOCAL ELECTIONS. NEWCASTLE CITY COUNCILLORS BELIEVE THIS IS THE WAY FORWARD FOR ENGLAND TO BOOST ELECTORAL TURN-OUT
Stephen Lambert examines the evidence
MOST of Britain’s principal political parties are now signed up to reducing the voting age to 16 to boost electoral turn-out in an era of declining participation in civic affairs: what some experts refer to as the ‘democratic deficit’.
In the last general election, held in 2017, only 53 per cent of young people aged 18 to 24 voted. Just under a half didn’t bother for a variety of reasons, ranging from apathy, lack of knowledge of the issues, or what the main parties stand for, alienation, anomie, or the perception that all the major political parties had nothing meaningful to offer to youngsters.
Nothing could be further from the truth; but perceptions still shape reality. The British government needs a wake- up call, if representative democracy, is to survive during the rest of the twentieth-first century.
That’s why Newcastle City Council, the Newcastle Youth Parliament and Labour, the Liberal-Democrats, the Scottish Conservatives and the Greens are calling for the voting age to be lowered to 16, to boost electoral turn-out, and to strengthen our liberal democracy in the UK.
Let’s examine the case for and against this policy proposal. The independent Electoral Commission recommended in 2011 that the voting age stay at 18. According to the Commission, on the basis of extensive field work and surveys, young people aren’t politically mature enough at 16.
They don’t know enough about politics, lack confidence and don’t feel ready for the civic responsibility of voting at 16. The Commission’s survey of 1,000 young adults suggested strong support for keeping the voting age at 18.
Some experts believe that lowering the voting age would increase the number of people who don’t vote – now standing at about 35 per cent.
According to the political scientist Chris Pattie, if the voting age be lowered to 16, overall electoral turn-out could fall to below 50%, threatening the legitimacy of any democratically elected government.
Likewise, some policy wonks draw on international comparisons, arguing that most liberal democracies throughout the world have a minimum voting age of 18. All this sounds plausible, until you consider the counter-arguments.
The UK Youth Parliament have hit back. The campaign to reduce the voting age is backed by thousands of young people across the nation.
There are several places where 16-year olds have the right to vote such as the Isle of Man, Jersey, Austria, Brazil, state elections in Germany, Hungary and close to home of course Scotland and now Wales – for local council elections.
16 and 17- year olds are knowledgeable, and sometimes quite passionate about the world they live in. They are as capable of engaging in the democratic system as any other citizen.
The number of students following A-level Government and Politics courses in English and Welsh FE and sixth form colleges has increased with more Scottish undergraduate students following Politics degrees.
Lowering the voting age to 16, combined with strong citizenship education, would empower young people to better engage in their communities and influence decisions that will define their future.
People who can consent to medical treatment, work full-time, become a company director, pay taxes and NI, get married or enter a civil partnership and join the armed forces should also have the right to vote.
Similar arguments drove the reduction in voting age from 21 to 18 in Britain in 1969 and in most other countries in the late 20th century.
Other age groups aren’t penalised for lack of knowledge or engagement in politics by being denied the vote, so it doesn’t make sense that 16 and 17-year olds should have to be ‘’model citizens’’ in order to gain the right to vote.
Newcastle councillors believe that voting at 16 in all elections would improve ‘civic participation’. Young people are more ‘politically active’ than other age groups.
More youngsters take up volunteering activities, than middle-aged citizens, and are more likely to get involved in single-issue campaigns, often around environmental issues or animal rights and protection.
But the fact remains, older people are more likely to vote in general, local and European elections. Turn-out among pensioners is over 76 per cent, according to figures collated by YouGov, after the 2017 general election.
Likewise, the national campaign group, Votes at 16, point out that allowing people to vote earlier will help combat voter apathy. According to one expert, Professor Breeze, people who can vote earlier are more likely to vote again.
It becomes a central feature of their ‘’political socialisation’’ process. It worked well in Scotland in the Independence referendum in 2014 where over 75% of young people aged under 21 voted – thousands of whom were aged under 18.
Our council has endorsed the campaign of the UK Youth Parliament for votes at 16 and 17 in all public elections and referendums.
With February 2018 being the centenary of the Representation of the People’s Act which extended the franchise for some women and all men over 21, the time to reduce the voting age to include all 16 and 17-year olds (about 1.5m people) across the UK is now.
Councillor Stephen Lambert, Director, Education4Democracy
About Stephen: A Newcastle City Councillor representing the Kenton Ward, he is a former lecturer in Citizenship Studies at Newcastle and Bishop Auckland College and now sits as a community governor with Newcastle City Learn. He is a writer with 30 years teaching and management experience in further, adult and higher education.