Information for academies, colleges, private training providers and employer providers on receipt of ESFA funding to help them identify potential fraud.


Indicators for potential fraud: a generic checklist for education providers


Indicators for potential fraud: a generic checklist for education providers

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Cyber crime and cyber security: a guide for education providers



This is a list of generic indicators for potential fraud. These include personal and organisational motives for fraud, weakness of internal controls, transactional indicators and possible methods of used to commit and/or conceal fraud.

This reference document has been compiled by the Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA). It may be helpful for education providers to use as a checklist where there are concerns that fraudulent activity may be taking place.

Published 11 March 2014
Last updated 12 August 2019 + show all updates


  1. We have published a guide for education providers on cyber crime and cyber security.
  2. We have published guidance on fraud indicators for education providers.
  3. First published.

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