On 3rd September 2018, the Department for Education’s statutory guidance, ‘Keeping children safe in education (KCSIE) 2016’ will be updated. Safeguarding and duty of care experts, EduCare, have taken a look at the key changes and the ways in which you should prepare for this.
General changes to KCSIE
Throughout the new statutory guidance document, improved definitions have been made and the new guidance contains additional information on the use of “must” and “should”.
The term “must” is for when the person in question is legally required to do something and “should” is used when the advice set out should be followed unless there is good reason not to.
Below, we have reviewed each section of the KCSIE and have listed the main changes.
Part one: Safeguarding information for all staff
The role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)
This section now provides clearer information about the role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead and their deputies. For example, the section now states that the identity of the DSL and any deputies should be shared at induction.
Policies within school
The new guidance states that all staff should be aware of systems within their school or college which support safeguarding. These systems should be explained to them as part of the staff induction. The behaviour policy has now been included in this mandatory list that have to be explained at induction. The list is now updated to include:
- The child protection policy
- The behaviour policy
- The staff behaviour policy (sometimes called a code of conduct)
- The safeguarding response to children who go missing from education
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
The paragraph on FGM clarifies that it is a legal requirement on teachers to report concerns.
Part two: The management of safeguarding
Multi academy trust schools – child protection policies
The new guidance document stipulates that all schools and colleges should have their own individual child protection policies and that these reflect local circumstances. Multiple schools can have an overarching child protection policy, however, local procedures and protocols should be reflected.
Peer on peer abuse is one of the key themes of changes in KCSIE 2018. Changes have been made to part two, paragraph 90, to reflect the importance of child protection policies reflecting peer-on-peer abuse.
The new guidance states that where reasonably possible, schools should have more than one emergency contact number for students.
The guidance now clarifies that at least one of the interviewers when interviewing for new staff has completed safer recruitment training.
Designated Safeguarding Leads (DSLs)
The role of the DSL should be clear. This will include who the DSL should be, the responsibilities of the DSL in regard to child protection files and should reflect DSL responsibility when considering information sharing in advance of transferring child protection files.
Looked after children and previously looked after children
This is a new section on the new requirements around previously looked after children, highlighting the fact that they remain vulnerable.
The ‘use of reasonable force’
Clarity is provided about when it may be necessary to use reasonable force and also the need to minimise reasonable force, particularly with SEN pupils.
Part three: Safer recruitment
This now contains new information, which clarifies the responsibility on schools when working with alternative provision providers.
There is also a revised checklist about checks for contractors. Whilst for volunteers, the new guidance provides additional links that signpost to the DBS workforce guides.
Clarity is also given on the minimum information that must be recorded on a Single Central Record (SCR).
The term homestay has now been introduced, this applies to children staying with host families.
Part four: Allegations of abuse made against teachers and other staff
Very limited changes.
Part five: Child on child sexual violence and sexual harassment
A whole new section has been included in the statutory guidance. Part 5 is there to provide guidance for schools and colleges on how they should respond to reports of child on child sexual violence and sexual harassment. This shows the importance that the DfE are placing on peer-on-peer abuse
In particular, governing bodies and proprietors are signposted to an extra publication on sexual violence and harassment between children in schools and colleges. Entitled ‘Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children in schools and colleges’, this covers:
- What sexual violence and sexual harassment is
- Schools’ and colleges’ legal responsibilities
- A whole school or college approach to safeguarding and child protection
- How to respond to reports of sexual violence and sexual harassment
This section has been updated and includes a table of contents.
New information is given on:
- Children and the court system
- Children with family members in prison
- County lines
- Domestic abuse
- Peer-on-peer abuse
- Sexual violence and sexual harassment
The above guidance is given for the changes which will come into effect on 3rd September 2018, until then all educational organisations should continue to follow the 2016 KCSIE guidance.
In order to ensure your organisation is prepared for the new guidance, you will need to consider the above and how you will need to update your policies, procedures and practices in recognition of the changes.
Dawn Jotham, the Education Product Development Lead at EduCare
About Dawn Jotham: Dawn has extensive experience working in educational establishments, having held the positions including head of year, lead for student welfare and designated senior person for safeguarding. Dawn has an MA in Childhood and Youth Studies and combines that with her own knowledge and hands-on experience in education to develop safeguarding and duty of care training courses for the education sector, so her input to this article is very valuable.
About EduCare: Safeguarding and duty of care experts, they are working with a leading expert in the field to provide a new training course on peer-on-peer abuse which covers the introduction of the new Part 5 - child on child sexual violence and sexual harassment. They also provide course content to cover many of the other issues raised.
- School Exclusions - minor updates to reflect the 2017 updated statutory guidance; the information in the current course is still accurate.
- EduCare for Health & Social Care - four courses within the package will be updated to reflect latest good practice guidelines and the updates to the Data Protection Regulation.
- Safeguarding and Child Protection course library – all courses are to be updated following the updates to Keeping children safe in education (KCSIE), to include new data from statistics: children in need and child protection and guidance from Children and Social Work Act 2017 (Education and Sport). Design and interactive content will also be updated to ensure our courses continue to be of the highest quality and engaging for all learners.
Courses in development:
- Raising Awareness of Peer-on-Peer Abuse - we are creating a new course in partnership with one of our expert advisors to reflect the new section in KCSIE 2018 on Child on child sexual violence and sexual harassment. (Education)
- The importance of self-evaluation - developed in partnership with the Pre-school Learning Alliance
- Nutrition in the Early Years - developed in partnership with the Pre-school Learning Alliance
- Child Protection in Dental Practices – co-written by an experienced Dental practitioner – will automatically be included in the EduCare for Health: Dental training package.
- School Attendance and Children Missing Education - a dedicated four-module course written by our Expert Partners at ACE Education (Education).