The links between early childhood education and outcomes at age 3 as part of the study of early education and development (SEED).
Applies to England
Ref: ISBN 978-1-78105-783-4, DFE-RR706PDF, 1.19MB, 79 pages
Ref: ISBN 978-1-78105-785-8, DFE-RB706PDF, 373KB, 19 pages
Ref: ISBN 978-1-78105-784-1, DFE-TR706PDF, 1.97MB, 88 pages
These reports include an analysis of the:
effect of introducing the policy of free early education for disadvantaged 2-year-olds
relationship between early childhood education and care (ECEC) at ages 2 to 3 and child cognitive and socio-emotional development at age 3
effects of home environments and parenting on child outcomes
Published 12 July 2017
Last updated 18 November 2021 + show all updates
Updated the ‘Early education use and child outcomes up to age 3: report, brief and technical annex’ to reflect that the effect of formal individual ECEC was previously associated with fewer emotional symptoms but, using the corrected data, there is no significant relationship.