From education to employment

Education and Employment Strategy: Jobs strategy aims to cut reoffending

Secretary of State David Gauke

Offenders are to be put on the path to employment from the day they enter prison, in a major policy intervention announced by Justice Secretary David Gauke in London today (Thursday 24 May).

The Education and Employment strategy sets out new measures to boost prisoners’ skills while in custody and improve their chances of securing work on release. This will help to cut the £15 billion annual cost of reoffending as ex-offenders in employment are up to 9 percentage points less likely to commit further crime. At present, however, just 17% of offenders are in P45 employment a year after release.

In this strategy, education and training, work in custody, and the availability of employment opportunities in the community are highlighted as the key areas of focus in achieving this.

Prison governors will be given the power to commission education and training programmes which provide offenders with the skills that real-world employers are looking for. This will be tailored to meet specific labour market requirements in the prison’s local economy. Meanwhile a vocational route, the Prisoner Apprenticeship Pathway, will offer an alternative means of delivering training in custody which guarantees jobs on release.

There will also be a renewed focus on encouraging offenders to take up prison work, including piloting a new approach which better matches this activity to job opportunities in the local community. A consultation on how to get more risk-assessed prisoners out of their cells and into real workplaces, while on temporary licence, is also being launched today.

The strategy also sets out how offenders will be helped to find jobs on release – a major incentive to turn their backs on crime. A new body, the New Futures Network, will work side-by-side with employers to generate job opportunities.

Announcing the strategy at HMP Isis, after touring workshops at the prison which help inmates build the skills they need to secure jobs in future, Secretary of State David Gauke said:

I want prisons to be places of hope and aspiration that propel offenders into employment, and ultimately help to reduce the number of victims of crime in the future.

I believe passionately that through work, people can turn their backs on crime and start a new chapter in their lives. Today’s announcement should signal to offenders that we will reward good behaviour and hard work with opportunity, and to employers that ex-offenders can make a positive contribution to their workforce, society and the economy.

And the Secretary of State also called on employers to drive ‘cultural change’ within their organisations.

I want more employers to look past an offender’s conviction to their future potential. We do that by working more closely with employers to open their eyes to the benefits of hiring ex-offenders…

…but this is not just about creating a path to employment from institutions to employers, but about creating cultural change from within organisations themselves. I want employees, from the shop floor to the boardroom, to call out and challenge employers who turn a blind eye to attracting and representing ex-offenders in their workplace.

Fostering that cultural change within workplaces will send a message that says: we believe in what you can contribute now and in the future, not what you have done in the past. And let me tell you why I believe now is the moment to seize the opportunity to do that.

I think the public mood has changed somewhat in recognising that when an offender comes out of prison we, as a society, don’t want them to return to crime and reoffend. The public expects them to get a job and become law-abiding citizens.

That makes good sense for society. It also makes good sense for business, in some ways, now more than ever.

People with a criminal conviction face several barriers on release from prison, with access to employment and education being at the forefront. Not only are many ex-offenders often unprepared for employment on release in terms of their skills and training, but there remains a stigma among some employers about hiring people with a criminal conviction. With reoffending costing the UK billions each year, we must work to improve employment opportunities for ex-offenders to reduce the number of prison leavers that reoffend.

This strategy sets out how we will tailor our approaches on education and employment to help prisoners develop their learning and skills and secure and sustain employment after they leave custody. The vision at its heart is when an offender enters prison they should be put, immediately, on the path to employment on release.

Sector Response

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ERSA’s Head of Policy, Sam Windett, says:

“ERSA warmly welcomes the Education and Employment strategy published by the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) today, which sets out measures around prisoners’ skills in custody and securing work on release.

“The employment support sector is well aware of the importance that a stable and secure job can have on reducing reoffending rates. As such, we are pleased to see the MoJ’s focus on Prisoner Apprenticeship Pathways (PAP), offering a guaranteed 12-month apprenticeship on release, and expanded use of release on temporary licence (ROTL) for workplace placements.

“This clearly reflects the ERSA/AELP Offender Related Services Forum’s work on PAP to help give people the best possible chance when they leave prison, and we look forward to continuing to share our findings with government.”

Fred Sirieix, the maître d’hôtel of Channel 4’s First Dates restaurant, founded The Right Course programme which works with offenders in prison kitchens with a view to helping them secure work in catering and hospitality on release. He developed the scheme in conjunction with HMP Isis, the venue for today’s launch event.

Fred Sirieix said:

With The Right Course we are bringing industry skills and knowledge to the prisoners and creating supported employment pathways to help in their transition to work on their release.

We know that by securing meaningful work, this directly helps reduce the risk of reoffending. More than that, the course grows self-confidence in the learners and a sense of hope and purpose for the future.

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Esther McVey added:

We’re determined to help everyone who can to get into work, no matter what their background. I welcome this new employment strategy and its aim to boost prisoners’ skills.

Our dedicated Jobcentre Plus work coaches and See Potential campaign are supporting ex-offenders who are keen to leave their past behind, get into work and earn a steady wage. With over 800,000 job vacancies, there are plenty of opportunities and I’d encourage more businesses to work with us to help turn lives around.

Jane Gratton, head of business environment at the British Chambers of Commerce, said:

Businesses are experiencing skills shortages at all levels in the workforce. We welcome this initiative, which gives an opportunity to train up offenders with those workplace skills that everyone needs to succeed.

Providing different ways of training for those in custody will help boost the talent pool in the workforce, and enable regional economies to thrive.

  • Governors to be given control of education, tailoring it to prisoners’ needs
  • Offenders to receive training designed to meet local labour market requirements
  • New vocational training route – the Prisoner Apprenticeship Pathway – will offer guaranteed jobs on release
  • New Futures Network will match prisons to employers to cut £15 billion cost of reoffending
  • Call on employers to shift attitudes ‘from shop floor to boardroom’ as Government commits to employ ex-offenders

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