From education to employment

Post-16 education: Review of level 4 and 5 education

Overview of the interim research findings of the Review of level 4 and 5 education. 

Review of level 4 and 5 education: interim evidence overview

Ref: DFE-00152-2018PDF, 587KB, 19 pages


This report is an overview of research findings from analysis undertaken by, and in consultation with, the Department for Education as part of the review of level 4 and 5 education.

For further detail on this interim evidence, please consult the reports that have contributed to this work:

The review covers the whole of level 4 and 5 education, with a particular focus on technical qualifications.

Post-16 education: highest level of achievement by age 25

10th May 2018: Research showing how a group of school leavers progressed through post-16 education and into the labour market.

Post-16 education: highest level of achievement by age 25


This research uses ‘Longitudinal education outcomes’ (LEO) data, which compares students’ level of education to their level of employment and earnings in later life. It includes information from:

  • the Department for Education (DfE)
  • the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)
  • Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC)

It looks at a group of people who took their GCSEs in 2004 to 2005. It describes their:

  • educational achievement at GCSE
  • educational achievement by ages 18, 23 and 25
  • achievements in the labour market in the 2016 to 2017 tax year

We will continue to develop the data, so the methods and results are likely to change over time.

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