From education to employment

Quality of marking in England’s exam system

Research into quality of marking in England’s exam system presented at an event in London on 27 November 2018.


Online standardisation

Ref: 18/6449/1PDF, 1.99MB, 83 pages




Marking consistency metrics – an update

Ref: 18/6449/2PDF, 2.92MB, 49 pages




Marking consistency studies – Summer 2016 and 2017 units

Ref: 18/6449/3PDF, 4.91MB, 49 pages



Marking reliability studies 2017

Ref: 18/6449/4PDF, 1.29MB, 35 pages




A study of hard-to-mark responses

Ref: 18/6449/5PDF, 1.54MB, 33 pages




Survey of Examiners 2018

Ref: 18/6449/6PDF, 455KB, 49 pages


Ofqual takes the quality of marking of GCSEs, AS and A levels very seriously. We have conducted a substantial programme of research over the past 5 years, and these new research reports develop further our understanding of marking and how we might work with stakeholders to drive quality higher in specific areas.

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