From education to employment

Biggest ever increase to National Living Wage comes into effect

1.8 million workers earning the National Living Wage will receive an additional £690 over the year from today.

  • Full-time workers receiving National Living Wage will be more than £2,750 better off a year compared to 2015, when the rate was first announced
  • the National Living Wage will go up today by the highest rate since it was first introduced, increasing by almost 5% to £8.21 per hour
  • 2.1 million workers set to benefit from minimum wage increases, including almost 800,000 retail and hospitality workers
  • increases to the minimum wage rates form part of government’s commitment to protect the UK’s lowest paid workers through its modern Industrial Strategy

1.8 million workers earning the National Living Wage (NLW) will receive an additional £690 over the year from today (Monday 1 April), as the biggest ever increase to NLW comes into effect.

The National Minimum Wage (NMW) is also increasing. This includes £7.70 per hour for 21 to 24-year olds, providing an additional £580 over the year for full-time workers, and £6.15 for 18 to 20-year olds, providing full-time workers with an additional £455 over the year. Taken together with changes to NLW, 2.1 million people will be receiving a pay increase from today, with workers in the retail and hospitality sectors due to benefit the most.

Business Minister Kelly Tolhurst said:

We are committed to making sure that UK workers get a fair day’s pay and the rise in the National Living and Minimum Wage, benefiting millions of people, delivers on this commitment.

Since the National Living Wage was announced in 2015, it has helped protect the lowest paid – increasing faster than inflation and average earnings. Our minimum wage rates are among the highest in the world and, through our modern Industrial Strategy, we are determined to end low pay and workers get a fair day’s pay for a fair day’s work.

Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond, said:

This government is dedicated to increasing the wages of the lowest paid which is why we introduced the National Living Wage and have continued to increase the National Minimum Wage rates – all of which will rise again today and benefit millions of workers.

This government is committed to raising productivity performance across the income spectrum, so that the wages of the lowest paid can increase sustainably over time. While the proportion of low paid jobs is now at its lowest level for 20 years, we are going further by asking Professor Arindrajit Dube, a world-leading expert in the field, to undertake a review of the international evidence of minimum wages on productivity and employment.

Low Pay Commission Chair Bryan Sanderson said:

We are pleased that millions of workers across the country will see an above-inflation pay rise as a result of today’s minimum wage increases, which follow the recommendations the LPC made in the autumn.

Today is particularly significant as it also marks 20 years of the National Minimum Wage. Over the last 20 years the NMW and more recently the NLW have achieved their goal of raising pay without significant negative effects on employment.

The UK’s minimum wage is currently growing faster than other countries with similar or higher minimum wage, such as Belgium, France and Germany.

The government aims to end low pay and later this year will announce the independent Low Pay Commission’s remit after 2020. At Spring Statement, ministers also announced that the world-leading academic Professor Arindrajit Dube will lead a review of the impact of minimum wages internationally.

Wage increases follow hot on the heels of the biggest increase to workers’ rights in a generation, launched in 2018, and are a vital aspect of the modern Industrial Strategy.

As part of this, on 6 April all workers, including casual and zero-hour workers, will have the right to receive a payslip and the maximum employment tribunal fines for employers will quadruple from £5,000 to £20,000.

Since 2015, the UK’s minimum wage has grown faster than those of most countries with similar or higher minimum wages. These countries are not generally expected to see their minimum wages increase as fast as in the UK over the next few years, with the exception of New Zealand.

Graph comparing international minimum wages

The government is committed to ensure the NLW reaches 60% of median earnings by 2020, subject to economic growth. The latest NLW rate of £8.21 represents 59.8% of median earnings, putting the UK on track to reach its ambitious target.

Since 2010 NMW / NLW rates have risen faster than inflation and average earnings. The new rates are:

Age 2019-20 (new rate) 2018-19 (previous rate)
25 and over £8.21 £7.83
21 to 24 £7.70 £7.38
18 to 20 £6.15 £5.90
Under 18 £4.35 £4.20
Apprentice £3.90 £3.70

Number of workers paid NMW / NLW rates in April 2019:

Region No. of workers receiving NLW No. of workers receiving NMW
North West 222,000 46,000
South East 188,000 31,000
West Midlands 181,000 33,000
Yorkshire & Humber 172,000 37,000
London 167,000 17,000
East Midlands 157,000 36,000
East 151,000 26,000
South West 138,000 30,000
Scotland 128,000 31,000
Wales 95,000 19,000
North East 88,000 19,000
Northern Ireland 75,000 20,000

Number of workers paid NMW / NLW rates by low paying sector:

Sector No. of workers receiving NLW No. of workers receiving NMW
Non-low paying sectors 351,000 56,000
Retail 343,000 86,000
Cleaning and maintenance 255,000 6,000
Hospitality 246,000 101,000
Social care 105,000 9,000
Transport 69,000 7,000
Storage 65,000 7,000
Food processing 63,000 4,000
Childcare 58,000 15,000
Non-food processing 58,000 9,000
Office work 47,000 9,000
Hair and beauty 25,000 14,000
Leisure 24,000 12,000
Agriculture 19,000 3,000
Security and enforcement 17,000 1,000
Textiles 8,000
Call centres 7,000 1,000

NMW / NLW increase to full-time workers’ yearly earnings has been calculated on the basis of 52 weeks per year and 35 hours of work per week, rounded to the nearest 5

Protecting and enhancing worker rights after the UK withdrawal from the European Union was published on 6 March 2019.

The Good Work Plan comes as the latest response to the independent Taylor Review of impact modern working practices (2017).

The review found that the strength of the UK’s labour market is built on flexibility but that a clearer focus was needed on quality of work as well as the quantity of jobs.

The government’s modern Industrial Strategy published in 2017, sets out how the whole of the UK can build on its strengths, extend them into the future, and capitalise on new opportunities.

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