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UK universities could lose up to 84% of EU students as higher international fees replace “Home” fee status


If fees for EU students rise to those charged from international students, 84% of surveyed prospective students say they will “definitely not” study in the UK.

56% of students could also be affected by removal of access to public loans.

Netherlands, Germany, France are the most popular alternatives for students if they can no longer afford UK tuition fees.

A new survey by study choice platform reveals that, if charged fees at the international level, as many as 84% of EU students looking to study in the UK would plan to look for alternative destinations. This could mean a loss of 120,000 students based on recent enrolments, or 25% of all non-UK students.

EU students to lose “Home” fee status, charged higher fees

Last week (23 Jun), the UK government announced that, following Brexit, students from the EU would lose the “Home” fee status in England from 2021/22, as well as access to public student loans. Charged at the “International” level, this would effectively mean an average fee increase of around 99%. Current International tuition fees for most university courses are set between 75 and 125% higher than Home/EU fees.

Even at Home/EU fees, British universities are already the most expensive in Europe. While EU citizens can find tuition-free or substantially cheaper options in multiple countries across Europe, many continue to flock to the UK for its high reputation.

With EU students charged higher amounts in the UK, it is expected that outbound British students will also be faced with higher tuition fees in countries like the Netherlands, Sweden, or Finland.

“A lose-lose situation for everyone”

The survey asked students to rate how likely they would be to continue with their plans to study in the UK if fees were to rise by 10, 25, 50, or 100% or more; the latter serving as a proxy for the average fee premium charged from international students.

At a 100% increase, 84% said they would “definitely not study in the UK”; only 1% said they would be unaffected by such fees, while 15% said they would be “less” or “much less likely” to study in the United Kingdom. At a 50% fee increase, still 61% said they would “definitely not” study in the UK, while 38% called it “less” or “much less likely”.

40% of those surveyed plan to begin their studies in the academic year 2020/21 and would still be charged tuition fees at the Home/EU level; meanwhile, 60% of respondents plan to start their studies in the academic year 2021/22 or thereafter, and thus would be affected by the expected rise in tuition fees.

“This is a lose-lose situation for everyone. It is unfortunate that the political process leads to such negative consequences for students and universities. We hope that some other solution can be found that would promote student mobility between the UK and the EU,” comments Gerrit Bruno Blöss, CEO of

“Beyond the already shocking numbers, British universities have to consider potential domino effects. Less diverse campuses might overall be less appealing to international students, regardless of fees charged.” The proportion of international students is also a factor in popular university rankings such as those published by Times Higher Education or QS.

Students will consider Netherlands, Germany as alternatives

In recent years, continental European universities have been increasing the number of English-taught courses, and more so since the Brexit referendum in 2016. 49% of surveyed students said that, with the UK potentially becoming too expensive, they would consider studying in the Netherlands, long a frontrunner for university internationalisation.

Other popular alternatives include the mostly tuition-free Germany (36% of respondents), France (19%), Ireland (16%) and Sweden (14%). Higher-fee destinations like the USA, Canada or Australia were only seen by few as alternatives.

How are UK universities likely to react?

Universities in the UK largely rely on tuition fees charged from foreign students. The potential loss of earnings from EU students will follow an already critical situation, with the coronavirus pandemic impeding international recruitment. Many universities will be forced to react in the coming months and years.

“We will see a range of reactions,” comments Blöss. “Most universities have been overhauling their marketing and recruitment campaigns for a while. After all, the announcement did not come unexpectedly. Some may shift focus to more affluent origin countries. At the same time, some are planning to open satellite campuses in continental Europe, to offer degree programmes in trans-national education settings. A few institutions are also evaluating potential legal loopholes to charge different fees.”

“Britain’s universities have a lot to offer, but they are facing strong competition on the continent. If they want to continue to attract students from the EU, they will need to communicate their excellent value proposition and make it clear that EU students are still welcome.”

Methodology: The survey was conducted 23 June to 28 June 2020 among 2,505 respondents who are nationals of the EU and indicated plans to study in the UK to obtain a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree, in a sample representative of nationalities and study levels of EU students in the UK as of 2018/19.

Studying in the UK: guidance for EU students

What citizens of the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland studying, or planning to study in the UK should consider.

What all EU students should do to continue living in the UK

Your rights to live in the UK will not change until 31 December 2020.

Citizens of the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland who are living in the UK on or before 31 December 2020 can apply to the EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS).

The EUSS means citizens of the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland will be able to stay and continue to work, study and access benefits and services broadly on the same basis as they currently do. It is free to apply.

If you want to stay in the UK you’ll have until 30 June 2021 to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme. Check how to continue living in the UK.

Erasmus+ placements in the UK in the 2020 to 2021 academic year

Your placement should continue as normal. Contact your college or university in the EU if you need more information.

Course fees and funding to study in the UK in the 2020 to 2021 academic year

You will be able to access student finance if your course in England starts in the 2020 to 2021 academic year or before, provided you meet the residency requirements. This will be available for the duration of your course.

If you secure a place in the 2020 to 2021 academic year, but subsequently defer the start of your course until the following academic year, then the rules governing student support for 2021 to 2022 entry will apply to you.

Changes to funding from the 2021 to 2022 academic year

If your course starts on or after the 1 August 2021 you will no longer be eligible for home fee status, undergraduate, postgraduate and further education financial support from Student Finance England unless you meet one of the following criteria:

  • you are able to benefit from the citizens rights agreements
  • you are an Irish national living in the UK or Republic of Ireland – benefits of Irish nationals under the Common Travel Area arrangement will continue

You should ask the relevant student funding body if you’re eligible for any support if you’re studying in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.

Published 31 January 2020
Last updated 13 July 2020 + show all updates

  1. Updated with information about changes to funding from the start of the 2021 to 2022 academic year.

  2. First published.

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