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Smith Review of Post-16 Mathematics: £16 million drive to boost maths skills for post #Brexit Britain

A £16 million investment to increase the quality of teaching in post-16 maths is part of major drive to see more students studying the subject after GCSE and ensure Britain’s future workforce can compete in the global marketplace post Brexit.
Following a government-commissioned review by Professor Sir Adrian Smith about how to improve 16-18 maths education in England, the School Standards Minister has set out, in a letter, a series of actions to increase participation.
The introduction of a more rigorous maths curriculum, new AS and A level maths qualifications and high quality “core maths” qualifications are ensuring more young people are leaving education with the skills they need to secure their first job, an apprenticeship or  go on to further study.
While maths continues to be the most popular subject at A level, with 88,000 entries in 2017, up 3 per cent on last year, almost three quarters of students with an A*-C in GCSE maths at age 16 choose not to continue studying the subject.
In his review, Sir Adrian makes a strong case for the value of maths skills for all students, whichever route they take. He highlights, however, a number of challenges that need to be addressed in order to drive up participation, including tackling the negative perceptions of maths, and has called on government, employers, universities, schools and colleges to take action so that more students choose to study the subject post-16.  
Today’s £16 million announcement will boost the capacity of schools, colleges and universities to deliver good quality teaching for post-16 maths courses including Core, A level and further maths.

Minister for Schools Standards Nick Gibb said:

“A high-quality mathematics education provides young people with the knowledge and skills to secure a good job and to succeed in whatever path they choose.

“We are already making progress with a more rigorous curriculum and this summer we will see young people collecting results in our new GCSEs, which are benchmarked against the best in the world.

 “There is, however, more to do to, particularly as we prepare to leave the European Union and compete globally. Sir Adrian’s review will help us focus our efforts and today’s investment is the first step on that vital journey.”

As well as the investment in teaching, immediate action is already being taken in response to a number of the report’s recommendations including:
  • Working with the Institute for Apprenticeships and the Royal Society Advisory Committee on maths education to ensure the design of the new T levels is based on expert mathematical advice
  • Working with the Royal Society and British Academy to encourage universities and employers to better promote the value of maths qualifications

Professor Sir Adrian Smith, Vice-Chancellor of the University of London said:

“I was delighted to conduct this review. There are compelling arguments for raising participation in students taking mathematics after the age of 16 and to improve skills at all levels.  Increased participation could deliver significant payback for individuals, for the economy and in increased productivity. To achieve this will take effort, funding and a range of interventions from government that must be co-ordinated with other bodies.”

The government has already announced plans to transform technical education in England, this includes developing new T levels, backed by £500 million of government investment announced in the budget, which will help deliver a world-class skills system which spreads opportunity for individuals and drives economic growth.
In addition to the immediate actions announced today, the government will consider the report carefully and will set out further details in due course of how it intends to address the range of recommendations outlined in the review.

Nansi Ellis, assistant general secretary for policy at the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL), said:

 ​”It is good news that the Government is not going to make maths compulsory for 16- to 18-year-olds as we know that this would have put a lot of students off staying in the sixth form. However, schools and colleges will need to know exactly what maths qualifications they will be required to teach. It is also good to hear that the Government has recognised that there is a shortage of maths teachers and that this crisis needs to be addressed right now.

“A recent Mathematical Association study shows that there has been “an “alarming” decline in the number of 16-year-old students willing to continue studying maths after taking this year’s tougher GCSE.

“After decades of work by teachers to encourage more students to do maths at A-level the Government has completely sabotaged this with its reforms to maths GCSE. We fear there will be fewer students taking maths and further maths in the future, not more.”

Frank Kelly, Chair of the Royal Society Advisory Committee on Mathematics Education, said:

“We welcome Sir Adrian Smith’s review of post-16 mathematics and look forward to working with the Department for Education and the Institute for Apprenticeships to increase access to and participation in maths. 

“Mathematics skills are necessary to a wide variety of disciplines and we welcome the Government’s recognition of their importance and commitment to improving opportunities in schools and colleges.”

Professor Paul Glaister, University of Reading and Chair, the Joint Mathematical Council of the UK (JMC) said:

“I very much welcome the Smith review into Post 16 Mathematics. This thorough investigation and synthesis has led Sir Adrian to make a number of clear, strong recommendations, all of which I fully support.

“I am pleased to read of the importance placed on the value of students continuing with level 3 mathematics: A levels in Mathematics and Further Mathematics, and the new Core Maths qualifications, including the strong signalling many universities have already given on the value of Core Maths to higher education.

“I believe it is vital to the UK economy that far more students continue with mathematics Post 16 on an appropriate pathway. I therefore urge the government to implement Sir Adrian’s recommendations in full, and in a way that leaves nothing to chance, for the benefit of the UK as a whole, and for the benefit of all young people across the country, wherever they live and regardless of their background.”

Professor Sir Ian Diamond, Chair of the High Level Strategy Group for Quantitative Skills at the British Academy:

“Adrian Smith’s recommendations represent a positive step towards enabling the UK to rise to the challenge of becoming a data-literate nation. They will contribute to the cultural and structural changes within the education system which are required to enable quantitative skills to flourish at all levels to meet the diverse needs of society and the economy.”

Chris Linton, President, Institute of Mathematics (IMA) said:

“It is critical that we equip far more young people with mathematical & quantitative skills and the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications warmly welcomes Sir Adrian’s report. 

“The UK lags well behind the rest of the developed world in the number of students studying mathematics post 16 and Sir Adrian’s report provides clear evidence that this needs to be reversed.

“This is a call for action and the IMA wholeheartedly supports Sir Adrian’s conclusions and recommendations.”

Professor Sir David Spiegelhalter, President of the Royal Statistical Society said:

“The Royal Statistical Society strongly welcomes the publication of Sir Adrian Smith’s review, and looks forward to working with the government, the education community and business to ensure that every student has the opportunity to develop their number and data skills.  In particular, we are pleased about the emphasis on the importance of statistics at A level, acknowledging the rise of data science, and boosting the take-up of core maths.”

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